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Viewing swaag.org website implies consent to set cookies on your computer. Full details Swaledale and Arkengarthdale Archaeology Group
Registered Charitable Incorporated Organisation Number 1155775
SWAAG Honorary President:
Tim Laurie FSA

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 *****SWAAG_ID***** 402
 Date Entered 19/12/2011
 Updated on 31/01/2012
 Recorded by Tim Laurie
 Category Tree Site Record
 Record Type Botanical HER
 Site Access Public Access Land
 Record Date 12/12/2011
 Location Hudswell CP. Hag Wood and Under Bank Wood
 Civil Parish Not known
 Brit. National Grid NZ 1361 0102
 Altitude 220m
 Geology Sheer north facing cliff formed from the Main Limestone,with Richmond chert strata over and talus slope below.
 Record Name Hudswell CP. Hag Wood and Under Bank Wood. Relict woodland on North Facing Limestone Cliff
 Record Description Species poor relict limestone woodland with yew dominant at top edge of sheer north facing limestone cliff. Cold ashwood with self seeded secondary sycamore on talus slope below. Some wych elm, elder also present, hazel and rose very scarce on and below the cliff. Hazel coppice on till at west end of the cliff. Pednculate oak woodland with holly understory on chert strata above the limestone. Planted beech the most prominent of the mature trees at western end of the cliff. Ancient holly dominated hedgerow at top edge of the wood. (From NZ13610102 westward to NZ13441 00945)
 Geographical area Lower Swaledale
 Additional Notes It is noticable that the relict woodland on the face and top edge of this north facing cliff is species poor compared to the species rich woodland on the cliffs on the opposite, south and south westerly facing side of Swaledale (at Whitcliffe Scar). Hazel,Rowan and Rose sppp are absent, elder is present but squiffy. The cold ashwood below the cliff is equally species poor with ash and sycamore dominant but with a very few old wych elms and just one coppiced large leafed lime surviving. see photos. Polypody and Harts Tongue ferns flourish in the scree. The only flowering plants noted are Dogs Mercury, Herb Robert and nettles.
 Image 1 ID 1760         Click image to enlarge
 Image 1 Description Under bank Scar with yew dominant.
 Image 2 ID 1761         Click image to enlarge
 Image 2 Description Under bank Scar with yew
 Image 3 ID 1762         Click image to enlarge
 Image 3 Description Under bank Scar with beech attop edge of cliff. Note the destabilizing effects on the rock strata of the tree roots immediately below this large beech.
 Image 4 ID 1763         Click image to enlarge
 Image 4 Description Under bank Scar. Isolated stack of limestone with wych elm established at the top.
 Image 5 ID 1764         Click image to enlarge
 Image 5 Description Wych elm, an ancient 4m girth self coppiced tree growing in scree with polypody and harts-tongue ferns.
 Image 6 ID 1765         Click image to enlarge
 Image 6 Description Wych elm, dead and fragmented, 5m girth, ancient self coppiced tree growing in scree with polypody and harts-tongue
 Image 7 ID 1766         Click image to enlarge
 Image 7 Description AS last from above
 Image 8 ID 1767         Click image to enlarge
 Image 8 Description Yews like this are dominant at the top edge of the cliff.
 Image 9 ID 1768         Click image to enlarge
 Image 9 Description Detail of the exposed and convoluted root system of this ancient yew.
 Image 10 ID 1769         Click image to enlarge
 Image 10 Description Isolated large leafed lime coppiced tree, Tilia platyphyllos considered native in Swaledale, is at the extreme northern limit of this species.,
 Image 11 ID 1770         Click image to enlarge
 Image 11 Description As last, one of just two lime coppiced recorded on the southern side of the Swale.
 Image 12 ID 1771         Click image to enlarge
 Image 12 Description As last
 Image 13 ID 1772         Click image to enlarge
 Image 13 Description As last, the coppice from below.
 
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